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Citations & Style Guide

Information and resources on how to cite references correctly.

Citing Music

Music citations may vary by style and nature of use. The book Music Research: A Handbook, by Laurie Sampsel, has detailed instructions for citing music sources in APA, Chicago, and MLA style.

APA Style

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association7th edition, print. 

  • Music album: See Section 10.13, Example 91 
  • Single song or track: See Section 10.13, Example 92 

Online resources, 7th edition:

Chicago/Turabian style

Chicago Manual of Style Online, 17th edition

  • Names and titles of musical works: see Section 8.193—8.197 
  • Musical Scores, Notes-Bibliography System: see Section 14.25-14.256 
  • Music Recordings, Notes-Bibliography System: see Section 14.263 
  • Recordings and Multimedia, Author-Date System: see Section 15.57 

MLA Style

MLA Handbook, 8th edition, print

  • Musical illustrations: see Section 4.2.6
  • Librettos, performances, published scores, songs, and sound recordings in List of Works Cited: see Sections 6.8.2—6.8.5 
  • Titles of musical works: see Sections 3.8.3—3.8.5

Online resources, 8th edition:

Research and Writing

The following manuals may also be helpful for researching and writing about music in general:

Additional Links