Skip to main content

Citations & Style Guide

Information and resources on how to cite references correctly.

Citing Media

Media citations may vary by style and the nature of use. Consult the Writing Center or your subject librarian for assistance with proper use and citation of media resources. 

MLA Style

Rules governing media citation were changed to include the concept of "containers" citations may vary depending on the format (physical or digital) and the method or platform of access.

Title. Director’s name. Any additional information you deem relevant, such as lead actors. Format. Distributor, year of distribution.

In-Text Example:

(DePalma, Scarface, Universal Home Video, 1998.)

Works Cited Example:

Scarface. Dir. Brian DePalma. With Al Pacino. DVD. Universal Home Video, 1998.

APA Style, 7th edition

Motion Pictures

Responsible parties Last Name, Initials. (Role). (Date). Title [format]. Distributor’s name.

In-Text Example:

(Director Name, Date.)


DePalma, B.R. (Director). (1998). Scarface. [DVD]. Universal Home Video.

Television Broadcast or Series Episode

Responsible parties. (Role). (Date of broadcast or copyright). Title [format: Television broadcast or Television Series]. Studio or Distributor’s name.


Hope, B. (Producer). (1977, January 14). Bob Hope Christmas Special. [Television broadcast]. National Broadcast Company.

Single Episode of a Television Series

Episode responsible parties. (Role). (Date of broadcast or copyright). Title of episode [format: Television series episode]. In P. Producer, (Producer), Series title. Studio or Distributor’s name.


Biachi, E. (Director) & Milch, D.S. (Writer). (2006, July 30). Leviathan Smiles. [Television series episode]. In D.S. Milch (Producer), Deadwood. Home Box Office.

Citation Resources

UC Berkeley, Media Resource Center: How to Cite Media

Audiovisual Media: See Section 10.12 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Additional Links