The journal article databases below offer specialized topics or time periods.
Proceedings are the official record of a conference, usually held by an association or organization. The proceedings may include contributed papers, abstracts of papers or presentations, and other types of documents. Articles or papers from conference proceedings can be more difficult to find than journal articles because they are not widely indexed, and often the official title of the conference is difficult to identify.
1. Identify the keywords in your research question. Keywords are words that carry content and meaning. The keywords in the research question "What is the feeding range of the blue whale in the Pacific Ocean?" are feeding range, blue whale and Pacific Ocean.
2. Brainstorm synonyms for your keywords. Think of words similar to your keywords in case a database doesn't use your original keywords. Synonyms for blue whale are baleen whale and Balaenoptera musculus.
3. Create Boolean searches using the keywords. A Boolean search is a search using the words AND, OR and NOT between the keywords. These words have a special function when used in a database.
4. Use the truncation symbol to search for word variations.You can avoid doing multiple searches for variations on word endings using the truncation symbol * (the asterisk) in most databases. Entering the keyword "blue whale*" will look for both blue whale and blue whales.
5. Add keywords to limit the type of article you retrieve. If you want a literature review, add "AND review" to your keywords. To find a research study, add "AND study" to your keywords.
6. Enter your Boolean searches in the Advanced Search of a database. Always go to the Advanced Search in a database to enter your Boolean searches because it gives you multiple boxes with the Boolean operators between them. If you are using a search with multiple search strings, enter OR within the search boxes and AND between the search boxes.
Journal packages are collections of full text journals produced by one or a group of publishers. The collections vary in size, from 12 up to more than 1800. For these reasons, you should start your search in a database, which contains articles from thousands of journals from different publishers. Then you can go to a journal package to find full text articles or to follow a favorite journal. The packages below are popular with scientists.
What Are Free and Open Access Journals?
Visit the collections and publishers below to find free and open access biology journals.