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General explanations of how a bill becomes a law, with resources for following the progress of a bill at the federal level.
The UNT Libraries have full-text paper or microform copies of all bills for selected years. For other years, we may have full-text copies only of bills that passed, with abstracts of bills that did not pass. Ask at the Government Documents Service Desk for help with finding texts of bills.
Essays, outlines, and other information on various details of the legislative process, designed to clarify certain issues and procedures for members of Congress.
The Committee System in the U.S. Congress
Congressional Research Service report on how Congress uses committees to accomplish its work.
Congressional Research Service report on House and Senate procedures for reaching agreement on legislation.
This Congressional Research Report compares selected House and Senate rules of procedure for various stages of the legislative process: referral of legislation to committees; scheduling and calling up measures; and floor consideration. No attempt is made to present a comprehensive discussion of how both chambers operate. The appendices provide sources of additional information about House and Senate rules of procedure.
A brief overview of the legislative process in the House, with cross-links to appropriate sections of How Our Laws Are Made.
This Congressional Research Service report provides a brief description of the methods used to bring proposed legislation to the House floor for consideration. These methods allow for consideration as a privileged matter, under the limited privilege of a special calendar or day, under suspension of the rules, under the terms of a special rule, or by unanimous consent.\
Flowchart outlining the bill status, the people involved , and where the action takes place at each stage of the legislative process in the Senate. Some steps in the chart are linked to more thorough explanations.
A rather extensive explanation of the legislative process in the Senate, reproduced from a Congressional Research Service report.