Be aware about the degree of partisanship that news sources have. Finding reputable news sources and avoiding partisan sources will help you find news that it truthful and well research; thus, reducing your chance of encountering fake news. Vanessa Otero (2016) creates a chart to illustrate how news sources fall within the liberal and conservative spectrum. The chart was featured on the professional blog of journalism professor Dr. Dennis G. Jerz from Seton Hill University.
"Remember that journalism is a professional and academic field with a set of agreed-upon standards. People get degrees in it and people who are really good at it get jobs in it at good organizations. Peer review helps ensure mainstream sources adhere to standards; if a story doesn’t meet those standards, other news outlets report on that." --Vanessa Otero, 2016
Source: Ad Fontes Media. 2019. The Media Bias Chart. Chart, version 5
If you select "no," please send me an email so I can improve this guide.