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Frisco ENGL 1310: College Writing I

First Year Writing Guide for Frisco, Texas

Journal Articles

“Autonomous Vehicles: Coming to a Road near You.” Government Technology, vol. 31, no. 5, July 2018, pp. 38–41. EBSCOhost, libproxy.library.unt.edu:9443/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tsh&AN=130492537&scope=site.

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Calo, Ryan. “V Law and Technology Is the Law Ready for Driverless Cars? Yes, with One Big Exception.” Communications of the ACM, vol. 61, no. 5, May 2018, pp. 34–36. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1145/3199599.

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Collingwood, Lisa. “Privacy Implications and Liability Issues of Autonomous Vehicles.” Information & Communications Technology Law, vol. 26, no. 1, Mar. 2017, pp. 32–45. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/13600834.2017.1269871.

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Cowper, Thomas J., and Bernard H. Levin. “Autonomous Vehicles: How Will They Challenge Law Enforcement?” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Feb. 2018, p. 1. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f6h&AN=128095736&scope=site.

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In the article, Autonomous Vehicles; How will they challenge law enforcement, the authors offer us Law Enforcements perspective on AI cars. This article by Thomas J. Cowper, M.P.A. and Bernard H. Levin, Ed.D., was written in 2018 and includes the accounts of a major automobile manufacturer who in 2017 claimed that they could produce AI cars that a person could sleep in within the next two coming years. The intended audience pertains to citizens who are interested in the innovation of autonomous vehicles and their effects on laws. The obligation of an individual becomes blurry when removing the driver aspect of a vehicle. Recognizing the majority of accidents due to human error in the US leads to a solution that AI cars could potentially solve. However, in the case that something was to go astray during the use of AI Cars, who to hold responsible becomes a major problem for the police force. The autonomous levels of these new AI cars directly correlate with how much ‘blame’ is enforced upon an individual. The scale starts at zero where a car has no automated control making the individual driving responsible, whereas a level five has complete automated control of the car leaving no responsibilities to the individual. It also explores the consequences law enforcement will face throughout the creation of these new vehicles. Criminals have the opportunity to use AI cars because there is no way of distinguishing a new criminal from a normal individual, so laws and safety precautions must be implemented to protect citizens. The article as a whole attempts to predict how these vehicles will ultimately affect society and law enforcements concerns pertaining to drugs, sex trafficking and terrorist attacks, however it does not offer a solution.

 

Fleetwood, Janet. “Public Health, Ethics, and Autonomous Vehicles.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 107, no. 4, Apr. 2017, pp. 632–537. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303628.

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The author starts her article by giving the solution to fatal car accidents. saving 30,000 lives per year with one solution: Autonomous vehicles. Her argument is very academic oriented, and uses various statistics and survey results to prove that her solution will save lives. She is cutthroat in her position, and gives quality evidence to back it up. Fleetwood presents almost all of her information in numbers, percentages, and qualitative facts, based on important health implication surveys run by recent empirical studies by the US Department of Transportation, Society of Automated Engineers, and many Google Scholars. All of her numbers hit hard and true; the fact that with the implementation of autonomous vehicles would reduce fatal car crashes by 90%, as 94% of all crashes are caused by human error, is unbelievable to hear. 10 million per decade. This could be the most important public health advancement in the 21st Century. The main concern needs to be keeping our eyes on providing the safest driving experience possible, we have to remember that autonomous vehicles might not be what the human race needs to work towards right now. Simple but essential design improvements towards vehicles like seatbelts and airbags are all geared towards preventing injury, not  reventing crashes. With the new mindset to prevent crashes before they happen, by eliminating human error, it should be easier to innovate a car in the future where human error is almost completely eradicated. Surprisingly, human health concerns have not been thoroughly questioned on this topic, probably due to the hype around having a car without a driver. First of all, we as humans need to make sure this really is the route we want to take as far as minimizing collisions goes. There’s other answers, such as flying cars or stricter driver tests that are met with substantially fewer public safety concerns. So much needs to be figured out still, such as insurance complications, how to create this system with cost effectiveness in mind for low income consumers, and what kind of impact it could possibly have on healthier public transit options, such as biking or walking. There’s much to be discovered together as a human race. With the correct blend of the right mindset, and government regulations aimed towards keeping experiments and beta testing safe, there’s hope for reducing traffic and automobile crashes significantly. Autonomous vehicles are a very solid answer to these issues; However, we must keep in mind that they are not the only answers.

 

Hughes, Rex B. “The Autonomous Vehicle Revolution And The Global Commons.” SAIS Review of International Affairs, vol. 36, no. 2, Summer/Fall2016 2016, pp. 41–56. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1353/sais.2016.0019.

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Lim, Hazel Si Min, and Araz Taeihagh. “Autonomous Vehicles for Smart and Sustainable Cities: An In-Depth Exploration of Privacy and Cybersecurity Implications.” Energies (19961073), vol. 11, no. 5, May 2018, p. 1062. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3390/en11051062.

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Madigan, Ruth, et al. “What Influences the Decision to Use Automated Public Transport? Using UTAUT to Understand Public Acceptance of Automated Road Transport Systems.” Transportation Research: Part F, vol. 50, Oct. 2017, pp. 55–64. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.trf.2017.07.007.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369847816301620

 

Rosenberg, David J. “The Rise of Autonomous Vehicle Technology Means That Insurance Companies Need to Become Just as Innovative in Their Product Development.” Defense Counsel Journal, vol. 84, no. 4, Oct. 2017, pp. 1–5. EBSCOhost, libproxy.library.unt.edu:9443/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=128040389&scope=site.

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In his article, “Rise of Autonomous Vehicles,” Rosenberg attempts to argue that the introduction of autonomous vehicles will disrupt several industries and change many things as we know them to be now. He backs up his claim by pointing out the changes that will come within the insurance industry, stating new products and policies will need to be released to apply to new technology, similar to new products that address ride sharing. Rosenberg also points out that automobile ownership is changing and will change further once the technology is fully realized. He states that ride sharing is predicted to grow over the next 20 years, and that private ownership of a vehicle will no longer be as necessary as it is today. The purpose of the article is to give insurance companies information on the evolution of vehicular technology and analyze the impacts new technology will have on businesses. The intended audience is insurance companies and corporations. The author proves his credibility through utilizing statistics about automated vehicles to show its readers that it is a credible source and to understand what they are trying to prove about automated vehicle transportation. The most important conclusion that can be drawn from the article is that insurance companies should become more innovative with their product development.

TED Talk Videos

[TEDTalks]. (2019, May). How do self-driving cars “see”? [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/sajan_saini_how_do_self_driving_cars_see?utm_campaign=tedspread&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=tedcomshare

 [TEDTalks]. (2016, September). What moral decisions should driverless cars make? [Video File]. Retrieved https://www.ted.com/talks/iyad_rahwan_what_moral_decisions_should_driverless_cars_make?utm_campaign=tedspread&utm_medium=referral&utm_source=tedcomshare

 [TEDTalks]. (2018, October). How Will Autonomous Vehicles Transform Our Cities? [Video File]. Retrieved https://youtu.be/tTOFMwKEg7o

[TEDTalks]. (2018, October). How Will Autonomous Vehicles Transform Our Cities?
[Video File]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/tTOFMwKEg7o


This presentation is intended for adults who rely on cars as a means of transportation, especially those who reside in suburban areas where the cascading effects of autonomous vehicles will be more evident. The presenter uses a powerpoint with a series of slides that indicate key components of the presentation which he further develops by elaborating on the subject of the slides based on well developed research and data that support his claim. The issue at hand being the majority of the population views new automated technology as just a new form of  transportation. The purpose of this presentation is to shine light on the cascading effects new automated vehicles will bring to our daily lives both socially and economically extending past just another form of transportation. The speaker engages the audience by speaking on the revolution of cars when they were first introduced and the ways in which they contributed to our expansion and growth. He then focuses more on the problems that arose around cars, such as parking and traffic issues, and gives reasoning for these issues. His reasoning being that we overlooked many of the problems that were to come because we didn’t look at the revolution of cars from every perspective as we should have, therefore we were not properly prepared for what was to come of them. The speaker states, “Our future wasn’t planned it just came to be and we adapted to it as it came'' (Larco, 2018). He similarly compares our previous position on the introduction of cars with the position we are now in with the introduction of automated transportation. Many of the issues that are to come from this new technology can be avoided if we study the concept from more than just the perspective of transportation.

 [TEDTalks]. (2017, May).How Self-Driving Cars Will Transform Our Cities and Our Lives. [Video File]. Retrieved https://youtu.be/CHV4AiCvSmw

[TEDTalks]. (2018, May).The Self-Driving Revolution. [Video File]. Retrieved https://youtu.be/fR-MZMKT3o4

Talks, T. E. D. (2018, May 7). The Self-Driving Revolution | Henry Su | TEDxUAlberta. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fR-MZMKT3o4

In the ted talk, The Self-Driving Revolution, speaker Henry Su expands on the entire concept of automated vehicles and how beneficial these cars could be to society regarding safety and time management. He claims that self-driving cars will be safer than human drivers because the self-driving car will have better judgment, sensors, and reaction times. The presentation is targeted towards citizens who are doubtful and uneducated regarding autonomous vehicles. Su emphasizes the support that needs to be given from society as a whole in order for them to be successful because if they are not socially acceptable, there will be no use for them. Explaining the different levels of autonomy and what they mean gives his audience a better understanding of knowing how these vehicles work to educate them on their autonomy. Su explains that in the future there will be companies that will come up with higher level automated vehicles that could change every day driving very soon. Battery power is another possibility he mentions, to state the need for commonality in charging infrastructures which will make them easily accessible and more attainable. Parking lot space is another topic he explores, stating that if these cars are implemented, they will save parking lot space because they will no longer have to accommodate space for people to get in and out of their vehicles. Ridesharing will become more accepted because owning vehicles will theoretically not be a commonality anymore. This allows for more cars to access the road and faster displacement time. The advancement of automated vehicles is highly encouraged in Su’s view of the future.

 [TEDTalks]. (2018,July).There’s more to the safety of driverless cars than AI. [Video File]. Retrieved https://youtu.be/PnFezqp_2e4

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