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COMM 2040: Public Speaking

Instructor Brittany Hale

Speech Information

Additional information for Speeches cited in APA

How do you cite a verbal quote in APA?

A personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation. For example: (J. Smith, personal communication, May 17, 2008). If you would like to include a personal interview as part of your APA reference list, then include the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the type of interview.


How do you cite a verbally in a speech?

Remember to include the following when giving an oral citation: the title, author, date and the author's credentials or title of publication. You can use key words to develop the phrasing necessary for oral citations, such as: According to. Explains.


How do you cite a quote APA Style?

For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).


How do you in text cite a speech?

To cite speeches in text, either write the author's last name in a parenthetical citation or write the quote and put the speaker's name in parentheses. For example, if the speaker's last name is Crowe: “MLA is easy to use” (Crowe).


What is oral citations in a speech?

When you are delivering a speech, you must provide an oral citation for any words, information or ideas that are not your own. An oral citation is defined in Public Speaking, by Coopman and Lull (2009), as a “brief reference to a source during a speech” (p. 65).

Technical writing and literary theory and schools of criticism

Common Writing Assignments from Purdue Writing Lab

Common Writing Assignments

Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quotiong from Purdue OWL




  • Must reference the original source
  • The text is much shorter than the original text. (For example, one may write a single page to summarize a four-page article.)
  • Must use your own words, usually with a very limited use of quotations.
  • Must reference the original source
  • The text produced may be shorter or longer than the original text
  • Must use your own words
  • Must reference the original source
  • The text produced is the exact length of the original text quoted (unless ellipses are used)
  • Use the original author’s exact words
  • Put quotation marks around the original author’s exact words
  • Include the page number of the original source from which you borrowed the author’s original language.


Plagiarism occurs when you use other people’s writing or ideas without giving credit to the creator. Any sequence of more than three words is plagiarism

 We always give credit to other people’s creative and intellectual property. We respect the rights and property of others.

Some students make errors in citing because they do not give themselves enough time to cite their material while they write. Learning how to Quote, Summarize, and Paraphrase with In-text citation is critical and learning to include in-text citations while writing your paper will avoid possible citation errors. Please use the link above and practice citing material.

Once I contacted the author of an online resource and asked if I could use some of her information in a guide I was working on. She gave me permission and I cited the author in my guide.

Types of Plagiarism:

  • Direct or Clone – taking someone else’s work directly. This plagiarism carries the most severe penalty because it demonstrates dishonesty and involves intent.
  • Self Plagiarism – reusing work from a previous courses without permission from your professor.
  • Mosaic, patch writing, or find and replace plagiarism. If you quote a source, or keep the basic format from the source and use synonyms to change a few words, without properly citing the information, then you are committing plagiarism.
  • Accidental – this can occur if the student does not use their own critical analysis found from synthesizing the information learned, and instead uses the critical argument of another author.

Video:  Student Success Series, A Student’s Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism and Understanding Citations

Avoid Plagiarism by citing your material correctly

If you are not sure if you need to cite your material, it is always better to cite and not have a problem with plagiarism.


Student Academic Integrity

Policy number: 


Policy description: 

UNT promotes the integrity of learning processed and embraces the core values of trust and honesty.  Academic integrity is based on educational principles and procedures that protect the rights of all participants in the educational process and validate the legitimacy of degrees awarded by the university.  In the investigation and resolution of allegations of student academic dishonesty, the university’s actions are intended to be corrective, educationally sound, fundamentally fair, and based on reliable evidence. 


Writing Center. (2018, January). Six Common Types of Plagiarism. Ashford University.

Free Plagiarism Checker. (2021). Scan My Essay. Viper.

CopyLeaks. (2019, October 21). 4 Types of Olagiarism and How to Avoid Them. Copyleaks Technologies LTD.

Synthesizing Sources

UNT Writing Lab

Office of Disabilities Access

Additional Links