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ENGL 3500 - Story and Narrative Development in Game Writing


Backe, Hans-Joachim1. “Narrative Rules? Story Logic and the Structures of Games.” Literary & Linguistic Computing, vol. 27, no. 3, Sept. 2012, pp. 243–260. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1093/llc/fqs035.



Bunting Jr., Ben S., et al. “The Player as Author: Exploring the Effects of Mobile Gaming and the Location-Aware Interface on Storytelling.” Future Internet, vol. 4, no. 1, Mar. 2012, pp. 142–160. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3390/fi4010142.



Qiaolei Jiang. “Gamers’ Lifecycle and Narrative Structure: The Comparison of Online Gamers’ Experiences in the Legend of Mir II and World of Warcraft.” China Media Research, vol. 4, no. 2, Apr. 2008, pp. 26–31. EBSCOhost,



POWELL, ANNMARIE. “Get in the Game: Encouraging Play and Game Creation to Develop New Literacies in the Library.” Library Trends, vol. 61, no. 4, Spring 2013, pp. 836–848. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1353/lib.2013.0011.



Spring, Dawn. “Gaming History: Computer and Video Games as Historical Scholarship.” Rethinking History, vol. 19, no. 2, June 2015, pp. 207–221. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/13642529.2014.973714.



Dickey, M.D. Game Design Narrative for Learning: Appropriating Adventure Game Design Narrative Devices and Techniques for the Design of Interactive Learning Environments. EDUCATION TECH RESEARCH DEV 54, 245–263 (2006).

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Writing Resources

Narrative Essays 

When writing a narrative essay, one might think of it as telling a story. These essays are often anecdotal, experiential, and personal—allowing students to express themselves in a creative and, quite often, moving ways.

Literary Terms 

Included below is a list of literary terms that can help you interpret, critique, and respond to a variety of different written works.

Verb Tense Consistency

Even an essay that does not explicitly tell a story involves implied time frames for the actions discussed and states described. Changes in verb tense help readers understand the temporal relationships among various narrated events. But unnecessary or inconsistent shifts in tense can cause confusion.

Fiction Writing Basics

Plot is what happens in a story, but action itself doesn’t constitute plot. Plot is created by the manner in which the writer arranges and organizes particular actions in a meaningful way. It’s useful to think of plot as a chain reaction, where a sequence of events causes other events to happen. Character can’t be separated from action, since we come to understand a character by what she does. In stories, characters drive the plot. The plot depends on the characters' situations and how they respond to it. The actions that occur in the plot are only believable if the character is believable.

Creative Nonfiction: An Overview  

The Creative Nonfiction (CNF) genre can be rather elusive. It is focused on story, meaning it has a narrative plot with an inciting moment, rising action, climax and denoument (resolution at the end), just like fiction. However, nonfiction only works if the story is based in truth, an accurate retelling of the author’s life experiences.

Common Pitfalls for Beginning Fiction Writers  

Many of the issues with which beginning poets struggle will also apply to beginning fiction writers. However, students writing fiction will also struggle with some craft issues specific to their genre.


Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quotiong from Purdue OWL




  • Must reference the original source
  • The text is much shorter than the original text. (For example, one may write a single page to summarize a four-page article.)
  • Must use your own words, usually with a very limited use of quotations.
  • Must reference the original source
  • The text produced may be shorter or longer than the original text
  • Must use your own words
  • Must reference the original source
  • The text produced is the exact length of the original text quoted (unless ellipses are used)
  • Use the original author’s exact words
  • Put quotation marks around the original author’s exact words
  • Include the page number of the original source from which you borrowed the author’s original language.

Possible Search Terms

Game design

Digital media


Artificial Intelligence


Learning Environments

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