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North Texas Now @ UNT Frisco with Profs. Dumaine & Mintun

This is a course page for the dual credit North Texas Now @ UNT Frisco with Profs. Dumaine & Mintun.

Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago is the style manual of the University of Chicago Press. This manual is used by many publishers, editors, and professors throughout the English-speaking world as a guide to manuscript preparation and citation method (aka way to avoid plagiarism). The Chicago Manual of Style has two styles: Notes-Bibliography and Author-Date. Ask your instructor which style you are expected to use.

UNT Library Books

Online Resources

Note on Computer-Generated Citations

Important Note on Computer-Generated Citations

Most database and websites will have buttons to "cite" the resources for you. Databases typically let you choose a common format and will generate the citation based on this style. While useful, these computer generated citations often contain punctuation and formatting errors that can void the legitimacy of the the citation. Some instructors may take off points for errors in citations and, if the errors are severe enough, consider errors a plagiarism offense. 

To avoid errors in computer generated or pre-written citations, make sure you check the citation by using a citation style manual.

What is Plagiarism?

In general, plagiarism is deliberate and unintentional use of someone's words (verbal and written), ideas (concrete and implied), physical works (including artwork and photography), and digital content (including images, video, audio, etc.) without giving them credit

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary defines "plagiarize" as: 
     to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
     to use (another's production) without crediting the source
     to commit literary theft
     to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source

It is important for you can plagiarize without meaning to, and regardless of your intent, there can be consequences by the university. The university and the library want to help you learn to avoid it.

This guide is intended to help you begin to understand plagiarism in college, the many different types of plagiarism, how to avoiding plagiarism, and the additional resources available to you.

Types of Plagiarism

There are many different ways to plagiarize someone else's work and all of them can result in disciplinary action by professors and the university, depending on the severity. 

The most common forms of plagiarism are:

  • "Direct Plagiarism is the word-for-word transcription of a section of someone else’s work, without attribution and without quotation marks." This is also referred to as clone plagiarism by Turnitin.
  • "Self Plagiarism occurs when a student submits their previous work, or mixes parts of previous works, without permission from all professors involved. For example, it would be unacceptable to incorporate part of a term paper you wrote in high school into a paper assigned in a college course. Self-plagiarism also applies to submitting the same piece of work for assignments in different classes without previous permission from both professors." This is also referred to as recycle plagiarism by Turnitin. 
  • "Mosaic Plagiarism occurs when a student borrows phrases from a source without using quotation marks, or finds synonyms for the author’s language while keeping to the same general structure and meaning of the original." This type of plagiarism is frequently called patchwriting and it most frequently occurs when students fail to paraphrase correctly. This is a combination of CTRL-C and Find-Replace plagiarism by Turnitin. 
  • "Accidental Plagiarism occurs when a person neglects to cite their sources, or misquotes their sources, or unintentionally paraphrases a source by using similar words, groups of words, and/or sentence structure without attribution." This a combination of HybridMashupAggregator, and Re-Tweet plagiarism by Turnitin.  
The quoted definitions above are from the Dean of Students at Bowdoin College Brunswich (Links to an external site.) (2018). Accessed July 10, 2018.

Quick Tips to Avoid Plagiarism

  1. Be sure to give yourself time to conduct research as well as to write your paper. The more time you give yourself, the less rushed you will be and the fewer errors you will make.

  2. Provide a list of citations for all the resources that you used at the end of your paper

  3. Provide "internal citations" every time you use a resource within the body paragraphs of your paper 

  4. Properly quote resources when you use a resource word-for-word AND cite your source

  5. Properly paraphrase resources by putting the content into your own words and syntax AND cite your source

  6. Properly summarize the main points of a resource AND cite your source

  7. Cite your sources, cite your sources, and cite your sources.

Additional Links