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Citations & Style Guide

Information and resources on how to cite references correctly.

Vancouver Style

Vancouver style follows standards established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which evolved out of a small group of editors of general medical journals that first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1978. The ICMJE created the Uniform Requirements primarily to help authors and editors in their mutual task of creating and distributing accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.


Available Online:

Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication(ICMJE)


​Additional Resources:

Samples for Formatted References (Uniform Requirements) from the U.S. National Library of Medicine provides a brief summary and examples.

Vancouver Style Guide is available online from Monash University Library.

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