Artists and crafts persons from Antiquity through the Renaissance often had several spellings of their names used in different countries (especially Flemish Artists). These Reference books are the best source for finding these alternative spellings. Search for the artist's last name in the books listed below. Names are in alphabetical order in these books. Some sources are in German, but they are still the best sources available.
Dictionary of Artists (Benezit),
N40 .D5213 2006 14 vols.Now in English! One of the best sources available. Includes artists from antiquity to the 20th century.Also includes many artist's signatures. Also available above in an e-version.
Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon: die Bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker (General Artist-Lexicon)
N40 .A63 1992 47 vols. Biographical entries on Artists from Antiquity to the 20th century.
Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon: Bio-Bibliographischer Index nach Berufen = (The Artists of the World: bio-bibliographical index by profession)
N40 .A625 2002 14 vols.
This is a great source for fine craftsmen such as goldsmiths, engravers, printmakers, etc., from Antiquity to the 20th century.
African American Art and Artists
N6538 .N5 L38 2003
American Women Artists from Early Indian Times to the Present
N6505 .R8 1982
Australian Artist's Index
N7404 .M33 1986
Biographical Directory of Women Artists in Europe and America Since 1850
N6757 .D86 1989
Biographical Directory of Native American Painters
N6536 .L47 1995
Biographies of Inuit Artists
N6540 .B56 1992
British Artists 1880-1940
N6767 .J63 1990
Dictionary of Artists 1760-1893
N5053 .G75 1970
Index-Dictionary of Chinese Artists, Collectors and Connoisseurs
N7348 .S48 1988
Dictionary of Japanese Artists
Dictionary of Women Artists
N8354 .D53 1997 2 vols.
Grove Dictionary of Art
Index to Artistic Biography & Supplement
N40. H38 2002
International Dictionary of Art and Artists
N40. I55 1990
Latin American and Caribbean Artists of the Modern Era
North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century
N6503 .N67 1995
Museum of American Folk Art Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century American Folk Art and Artists
NK808 .R6 1990
Self-Taught, Outsider, and Folk Art: a Guide to American Artists
NK805 .S46 2000
Spanish Artists from the Fourth to the Twentieth Century
N7112 .S636 1993
St. James Guide to Native North American Artists
N6536 .S35 1998
Who was Who in American Art, 1564-1975
N6536 .W56 1999 v. 1-3
World Artists 1950-1980
N6489 .M37 1984
Search the databases below for biographical journal articles.
*If accessing off campus, you will be asked for your EUID and EUID password.
Many contemporary artists do not yet have books or exhibition catalogs published about them; therefore, the best information can usually be found in journals.
Search examples (Names): Viola, Bill; Sherman, Cindy; Whiteread, Rachel; Smith, Kiki.